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Figure 9-2. Site plan for Western Demilitarization Facility showing locations of all principal buildings, roads, and rail lines.
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TM-9-1300-277 Demilitarization/Disposal of Conventional Munitions Manual
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CHAPTER 10 NEW TECHNOLOGY
TM 9-1300-277
in the mechanical removal building. One cell will house
deck and washed or steamed out. The explosive flows
a major caliber defuzer capable of defuzing projectiles
by gravity down through a dryer and onto a flaking
up to 16 inches in diameter. The other two cells will
conveyor and then is packaged for storage or
contain large band saws for sawing mine cases, depth
incineration.
A water treatment facility is located
charges, and large rockets.
adjacent to the washout/steamout building. All process
water used will be filtered and recycled.
i. Refining Building.  It is desirable to recover
explosives from ordnance items without contamination
m. Decontamination
Building.
The
from steam or water. This is accomplished by a "melt-
decontamination building contains three rotary furnaces
out" process in which live steam is applied to the outer
similar to APE 1236.  They are used to demilitarize
surface of the item.  In the refining building, racks
complete rounds of small caliber ammunition, fuzes,
containing the ordnance items are lifted to the top deck
and primers. In order to insure that metal parts sold for
by overhead crane and placed in steam enclaves. The
scrap are completely free from explosive contamination,
molten explosive is collected in hoppers and poured into
they must be flashed by raising them to a temperature
a "flaking" conveyor where it solidifies into small pieces.
higher than that necessary to cause the explosive to
The pieces are packaged and hauled away by driverless
burn. Medium caliber projectiles are loaded onto racks
tractor for storage and resale.
and moved by an overhead conveyor through a flashing
k. Bulk Incinerator Building.  Certain explosive
furnace and then past a water spray for cooling. Items
too large for the conveyor are located onto steel carts
materials have no reuse or resale value and must be
and moved into the large items flashing chamber where
disposed of by incineration. These materials are moved
a powder train is used for flashing. Bag house filters are
by driverless tractor to the bulk incinerator building in
used to remove any particulates from the smoke
55-gallon drums where they are ground up and mixed
resulting from all incineration operations.
with water to form a slurry. The slurry is then pumped to
two rotary kilns for incineration.  An afterburner is
n. Administration Building and Boiler Building. The
provided to reduce the contamination of the resulting
administration building will house offices, a cafeteria, a
smoke. The smoke also passes through a bag filter.
quality assurance laboratory, and a boiler facility which
Each incinerator can consume 550 pounds of explosive
can be fired by either coal or oil, and has three boilers,
per hour.
each capable of generating 5,00 pounds of steam per
l. Washout/Steamout
Building.
The
hour. Effluent air from the facility is filtered through a
series of baghouses before being released to the
washout/steamout building has two towers, each of
atmosphere.
which has an overhead crane.  Large items such as
mines and depth charges are lifted to the upper work
o. Magazines.  Five magazines are provided for
short-term storage to support operations.
These
magazines are of conventional design.
9-20

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