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DEPOT MAINTENANCE WORK REQUIREMENT (DMWR)
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TM-9-1300-277 Demilitarization/Disposal of Conventional Munitions Manual
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BURNING IN PITS OR TRENCHES
TM 9-1300-277
CHAPTER 8
DISPOSAL METHODS
CAUTION
8-1. GENERAL
DISPOSAL BY OPEN BURNING WILL
a. One method of disposal is the process of
NOT BE UNDERTAKEN WHEN WIND
eliminating unwanted material/munition items from the
inventory by destruction.
VELOCITY EXCEEDS 15 MPH.
b. Disposal  of  certain  munitions  may  be
NOTE
accomplished by burning or detonation.
General
Open burning of munitions may
procedures for each disposal method are included in the
chapter.
Specific  procedures  and  additional
violate  Federal,  State,  or  Local
requirements are included in other chapters of this
Environmental  Protection  Agency
manual and in the specific Demilitarization Depot
(EPA) Regulations. Permission must
Maintenance Work Requirement (DMWR) for the item.
be obtained prior to start of burning
c. Disposal of munitions by burning or dumping in
operations.
wells, marshes, streams, inland waterways, landfills, or
pits is not authorized.
a. Disposal by burning may be accomplished on
d. Munitions with compatible characteristics and
the surface, in a pit, in a trench, or in a deactivation
similar disposal procedures may be disposed of in the
furnace in accordance with the following paragraphs.
same  operation,  if  permitted  by  the  applicable
Munitions to be burned will be examined carefully to
demilitarization DMWR. The DMWR index is identified
make certain that no removable detonators or blasting
caps are included. All removable detonators, blasting
caps, etc., will be removed from munitions to be burned
8-2. BURNING ON THE SURFACE
to avoid unexpected detonation. Sites will not be left
unattended during burning, but will be observed from the
specified safety distance.
WARNING
b. Surface burning is an expeditious method of
BURNING HIGH EXPLOSIVES WHEN
disposing of munitions such as, noninitiating high
INITIATORS OF ANY DESCRIPTION
explosives and solid propellants.
Before surface
burning is accomplished, the area must be surveyed to
ARE INCLUDED WILL PROBABLY
assure that the ground is perfectly smooth, free of loose
RESULT IN A DETONATION. WHEN
material, without cracks or crevices, and is packed
BURNING  EXPLOSIVES  AND/OR
sufficiently  to  prevent  explosive  materials  from
MUNITIONS, PROTECTION AGAINST
infiltrating during burning operations.
Hazardous
THE
POSSIBILITY
OF
A
materials must also be considered on an individual basis
DETONATION MUST ALWAYS BE
as to the depth that it can be stacked or positioned in
TAKEN.
MIXING  OF  VARIOUS
order to prevent an unwanted detonation. Usually bulk
TYPES OF BULK EXPLOSIVES WILL
explosives/propellants/pyrotechnic materials are spread
NOT
BE
PERMITTED
DURING
in a thin layer over a combustible bed in order to
BURNING  OPERATIONS.
SINCE
facilitate a proper burning environment.
Surface
EXPLOSIVES CONTAIN THEIR OWN
burning operations will not be
OXIDIZER, BURNING EXPLOSIVES
CANNOT  BE  EXTINGUISHED  BY
SMOTHERING.
BURNING OF ICM'S WILL NOT BE
UNDERTAKEN  AS  THIS  COULD
CAUSE SCATTERING OR EJECTION
OF  CARGO.
SCATTERED  OR-
EJECTED CARGO IS CONSIDERED
ARMED AND HAZARDOUS.
8-1

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