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TM-9-1300-277 Demilitarization/Disposal of Conventional Munitions Manual
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SAFETY AT DEMILITARIZATION/DISPOSAL AREAS
TM 9-1300-277
CHAPTER 2
SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PREVENTION
2-1. INTRODUCTION
2-2. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
NOTE
a. All personnel engaged in operations in which
Limitations and restrictions as to the
munitions or other hazardous material are involved shall
means and the items that can be
be thoroughly trained in explosive safety, and be
demilitarized/disposed of vary from
capable of recognizing hazardous explosive exposures.
location
to
location.
These
Safety must become a firmly established habit when
limitations and restrictions must be
working with or in the vicinity of items having explosive,
checked prior to demilitarization.
flammable, or toxic hazards.
a. The following agencies, as a minimum, will be
b. The safety requirements in TM 9-1300-206
notified  prior  to  starting  demilitarization/disposal
(Ammunition and Explosives Standards) for other than
operations:
DARCOM installations and DARCOM-R 385-100 (Safety
(1) Medical Facility.
Manual) for DARCOM installations will be followed.
(2) Security Police.
These requirements have been formulated to assure
(3) Fire Department.
safety in activities involving ammunition and explosives.
(4) Base Operations.
c. Improper, rough, and careless handling of
munitions may result not only in malfunctioning but may
(5) EOD/Safety Office (When available on
cause accidents which result in loss of life, injury, or
base.)
property damage. The history of accidents which have
b. At minimum safe distances stated in DA-COM-R
occurred in the use, handling, shipping and storing of
385-100/TM 9-1300-206, personnel in the open may be
munitions shows that in most instances, where the
exposed to some fragments and debris.  Therefore,
cause was determined, the accidents have been due to
action should be taken to reduce hazards by:
human error and circumstances which were avoidable.
(1) Confinement  to  the  greatest  extent
d. Munitions will be handled under the direct
possible.
supervision of competent personnel who thoroughly
(2) Use of barricades.
understand the hazards and risks involved.
(3) Evacuation of personnel not essential to
e. Operations will always be based upon minimum
the demilitarization/disposal operation.
possible exposures consistent with efficient operations.
(4) Use of overhead and frontal cover for
f. The absence of a safety requirement in this
personnel.
manual does not necessarily indicate that no safeguards
(5) Personnel
engaged
in
are needed. If hazardous conditions present immediate
demilitarization/disposal work shall be given ample time
danger to life and property, operations will not be
to reach a safe distance
continued until the hazard has been corrected or
eliminated.
Change 1
2-1

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