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CAUSTIC SODA SOLUTION
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TM-9-1300-275-2 Chemical Agents and Decontaminating Procedures Manual
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APPENDIX A TABLES
TM 9-1300-275/2
Commercial or household bleach is normally a solution
Slurry can be used to decontaminate blister agents.
and is more stable than the solid form.  Commercial
Apply the solution or slurry to the contaminated surface
solutions  usually  contain  a  10  to  14-percent
and, after a 5-minute wait, flush off with water and test
concentration and household brands, a 3- to 6-percent
for any remaining contamination.
concentration.
3-6
WASHING  SODA  SOLUTION.
(Sodium
3-7.2 Packaging and Storage.
Carbonate).
Commercial or household bleach solution is usually
packed in 1-quart or 1-gallon airtight containers. It is
3-6.1.1 Washing soda is a white powder with alkaline
stable when stored in a cool, dry place.
properties. Common names include soda ash, sal soda,
and laundry soda.
3-7.3 Safety Precautions.
3-6.1.2 Commercial grades may contain large amounts
3-7.3.1 Detection. In solid form, sodium hypochlorite
of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda).
has a disagreeable, sweet odor.
3-7.3.2 Protection. Sodium hypochlorite solution may
3-6.2 Packaging and Storage.
be handled without danger.  However, it is a strong
Normally, washing soda is packed in 100-pound paper
bleaching agent and will damage fabrics, if not
sacks. It is stable in dry storage.
removed.
3-7.3.3 Decontamination. Flush with large amounts of
3-6.3 Safety Precautions.
water.
3-6.3.1 Detection. Washing soda is a white powder.
3-7.3.4  First-Aid.  If the solution gets into the eyes,
3-6.3.2 Protection. Washing soda has no serious effect
wash them out with water.
on the skin or eyes, or on clothing. Do not breathe its
dust as it is irritating to the respiratory tract. No special
3-7.4 Preparation and Use.
protection is required, except when the soda is in the air
3-7.4.1 Normally, the commercial or household bleach
in dust form.
can be used in a full-strength solution.
3-6.3.3 Decontamination. Flush with large quantities of
3-7.4.2
The full-strength solution is an effective
water.
decontaminant for V-agents and blister agents, reacting
3-6.3.4 First-Aid. If washing soda solution or dust gets
within 5 minutes after contact with either agent.
into the eyes, wash them with water.
NOTE
Pure bleach will burn on contact with
3-6.4 Preparation and Use.
liquid blister agent.
3-6.4.1 A 10-percent solution is recommended. Mix 10
3-8 SUMMARY
pounds of soda with 12 gallons of water.
The  instructions  on  recommended  mixing  and
3-6.4.2  This washing soda solution is an effective
application  of  the  chemical  decontaminants  are
decontaminant for G-agents. It reacts within 5 minutes
summarized in Table 3 of Appendix A. To assist in the
after contact with the agent.
preparation of the recommended concentrations of the
chemical decontaminating solutions, a graph indicating
3-7
COMMERCIAL OR HOUSEHOLD BLEACH
pounds of decontaminant vs. gallons of water is
(Sodium Hypochlorite).
included as Table 4 of Appendix A.
14

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