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SECTION 2 CHEMICAL AGENTS AND DECONTAMINATING PROCEDURES
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TM-9-1300-275-2 Chemical Agents and Decontaminating Procedures Manual
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NERVE AGENT (V-Series)
TM 9-1300-275/2
2-2.5.3.1 Early Symptoms (If exposure is from liquid or
f. Escort  the  decontaminated
casualty
to
a
vapor).
hospital without delay.
a. Pinpointing of eye pupils and dimness of vision.
2-2.6 Detection.
(May be absent entirely in cases of skin absorption.)
b. Running nose.
Use the chemical agent detector kit-blue-band detector
c. Tightness of chest.
tube/green-marked bottle, ABC-M8 VGH detector paper,
and detector ticket.  Monitoring for detection can be
2-2.5.3.2  Early Symptoms (If exposure is by skin
done by using live, caged rabbits.
contact). Localized sweating and muscular twitching.
2-2.7 Decontamination (Of Liquid Agents).
2-2.5.3.3 Later Symptoms (Indicating severe exposure).
Procedures are listed in order of preference for effective
a.
Nausea; possible vomiting.
decontamination in the shortest time.
Aeration is
b.
Diarrhea.
effective for vapor.
c.
Weakness.
d.
Coma.
2-2.7.1  Caustic Soda Solution (Sodium Hydroxide,
e.
Cessation of breathing.
Lye). Prepare a 10-percent concentration by mixing 10
pounds of caustic soda with 12 gallons of water. This
2-2.5.4 First Aid.
will destroy G-agents immediately to 5 minutes upon
a. If any of the foregoing symptoms appear, put on
contact.
a protective mask immediately, inject atropine (refer to
para. e following), and withdraw to an uncontaminated
a. When decontaminating fabrics, leather, and
area.
canvas, use a 5-percent solution (5 pounds caustic soda
b. For liquid in the eyes, flush immediately with
with 12 gallons of water).
clear water. Absorption of G-agent through the eyes is
b. Wear  protective  gloves  and  mask  when
extremely rapid.
handling.
c. If a liquid agent gets on the skin, wash it off
c. This solution corrodes aluminum, tin, and zinc.
immediately with a stream of water and then wash the
d. When mixing, add the caustic soda to the water
contaminated area with soap and water. Use the skin
(not water to caustic soda) to prevent boiling and
decontaminant  pad  from  the  M13  individual
splattering because of excessive heat formed when
decontaminating and reimpregnating kit.  Remove all
dissolving the caustic.
contaminated clothing quickly and carefully, taking
e. When decontaminating large amounts of a G-
necessary precautions to avoid self-contamination.
series agent, apply caustic solution slowly to prevent a
d. If the victim has stopped breathing, use mask to
violent reaction which causes boiling and splattering.
mouth respiration or remove him to a clean atmosphere
2-2.7.2  Washing Soda Solution (Sodium Carbonate).
and  use  the  mouth-to-mouth  artificial  respiration
Prepare a 10-percent solution by mixing 10 pounds of
described in TM 8-285.
washing soda with 12 gallons of water.
Solution
e. If nerve-agent poisoning symptoms develop,
normally reacts against G-agents within 5 minutes.
inject immediately the atropine from one to three
automatic injectors (depending on the severity of
2-2.7.3  STB (Supertropical Bleach) Slurry.  Mix 50
symptoms) into a muscle, preferably the back of the
pounds of STB, the content of its 8-gallon shipping
thigh muscle.
container, with 6 gallons of water. Leave this slurry on
the contaminated surface for a 30-minute period. Then
(1) After injection of atropine, dryness of the
wash it off with water and test for any remaining
mouth indicates that enough has been taken to
contamination. A dry mix (2 shovels full of STB to 3
overcome the dangerous effects of nerve agents.
shovels full of earth or similar material) may be placed
under equipment to decontaminate agents flushed from
NOTE
the equipment.
Atropine injections do not relieve headache
or difficulty in focusing the eyes.  These
a. Toxic vapors are emitted from reaction with G-
symptoms are annoying but not dangerous.
agents.
b. This slurry is corrosive to most metals and
(2) If more atropine is needed, two more
injurious to most fabrics.
automatic injections may be administered at 3 to 8-
c. Dry STB will cause a fire upon contact with DS-
minute intervals.
Should additional injections be
2.
needed, the officer or non-commissioned officer in
charge may give them.
6

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